“Look, look, I made a rainbow!” exclaims three-year-old Evelyn. We are at the clay table and I take a look at her creation. A small orange arch, decorated with gemstones and tree bark and Mardi Gras beads sits on a yellow clay base.
“It is a rainbow!” Noah responds gleefully! “I can make a rainbow, too!”
As Noah begins to create a rainbow, I extend the learning by mentioning that the shape is also called an arch. “My grandma lives by the Arch!” Noah shouts. Evelyn thinks she has seen the Arch, too.
And so begins our investigation of arches. All of the arch blocks and books come into rotation to become pieces of our classroom landscape. We begin to see more arches appearing in our clay play, our drawings and our block play.
We often develop our intentional learning experiences in response to the interests of our children. We never really know what directions our conversations will take us! This group really likes pattern blocks, which are like puzzles to them. I see the children play with these blocks for long stretches of time and, once they think they have figured out the pattern, they do them over and over and over again.
Suddenly, our arches are being used as homes for people…
… and as habitats for our finger puppets.
We see bodies being formed into arches in the block area.
When our young learners don’t have the vocabulary to represent their understanding of a new subject, they often express their ideas through drawings, paintings, music and other creative outlets. When we weave learning into various activities, we provide rich and meaningful learning opportunities for our students. While they are moving and playing with these materials, their spatial reasoning and their understanding of geometric attributes is growing. Shapes, location and direction are all spatial attributes.
When we manipulate our clay into shapes by rotating and cutting it or combining it with another structure, we are beginning to understand how the pieces relate to each other and the space around them. This is spatial transformation. Math, math and more math. Math isn’t just about numbers and counting. The way that young children talk about space is a significant early predictor of their future spatial cognition.
Spatial skills also strongly predict who will pursue STEM careers—and research suggests that children’s spatial reasoning skills are more predictive of future creativity and innovation in the STEM disciplines than math scores. Using mathematical language and concepts creates that rock-solid math foundation that we strive for!